An extensive experimental program was carried out to study the vibration behavior of tube bundles subjected to two-phase cross-flow. Fluid-elastic instability is discussed in Part 2 of this series of three papers. Four tube bundle configurations were subjected to increasing flow up to the onset of fluid-elastic instability. The tests were done on bundles with all-flexible tubes and on bundles with one flexible tube surrounded by rigid tubes. Fluid-elastic instabilities have been observed for all tube bundles and all flow conditions. The critical flow velocity for fluid-elastic instability is significantly lower for the all-flexible tube bundles. The fluid-elastic instability behavior is different for intermittent flows than for continuous flow regimes such as bubbly or froth flows. For continuous flows, the observed instabilities satisfy the relationship V/fd = K(2πζm/ρd2)0.5 in which the minimum instability factor K was found to be around 4 for bundles of p/d = 1.47 and significantly less for p/d = 1.32. Design guidelines are recommended to avoid fluid-elastic instabilities in two-phase cross-flows.

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