An experimental and theoretical study was performed of the nonlinear behavior of a simply supported flat circular aluminum plate under reversed cyclic central load. The application is for the analysis of cyclic stress and strain of structural components in the plastic range for predicting low-cycle fatigue life. The main purpose was to determine the relative accuracy of an elastic-plastic large deformation finite element analysis when the material properties input data are derived from monotonic (noncyclic) stress-strain curves versus that derived from cyclic stress-strain curves. The results showed that large errors could be induced in the theoretical prediction of cyclic strain range when using the monotonic stress-strain curve, which could lead to large errors in predicting low-cycle fatigue life. The use of cyclic stress-strain curves, according to the model developed by Morrow, et al., proved to be accurate and convenient.

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