This paper presents a method to calculate the critical flow velocity of fluidelastic vibration of tube arrays in heat exchangers. The method is based upon the modal analysis technique, which combines the fluid dynamic force caused by cross flow and the vibration characteristics of the complicated tube array to obtain its response. The analytical method enables us not only to take into account the vibration mode of tube array and nonuniformity of velocity and density distribution of cross flow, but also to estimate the effect of antivibration devices, such as spacer, connecting band, and so on. Numerical examples of constrained single-tube array, multi-tube array in reversed flow, and group of panels with spacers are described.

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