A 152-mm-thick cylindrical test vessel fabricated of A533, grade B, class 1 steel, was pressurized to failure at −23°C. The vessel contained a fatigue-sharpened notch adjacent to a half-bead weld repair that had not been stress relieved. Residual stresses and fracture toughnesses were determined before the pressure test by measurements on a prototypic weld, and fracture predictions were made by linear elastic fracture analysis. Predictions agreed well with test results, demonstrating the important influence of high residual stresses on fracture behavior.

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