Roll motion of a planing hull can be easily triggered at high speeds, causing a significant change in hydrodynamic pressure pattern, which can threaten the stability of the vessel. Modeling and investigating roll motion of a planing vessel may require a strong coupling between motions in vertical and transverse planes. In the present paper, we have used a mathematical model to analyse the roll of a planing hull by coupling surge, heave, pitch and roll motions using 2D+T theory to study the effects of roll-induced vertical motions on roll coefficients and response. Mathematically computed forces and moments as well as roll dynamic response of the vessel are seen to be in fair quantitative agreement with experimentally measured values of previously published data. Using the 2D+T method, it has been shown that to model the roll of a planing hull at high speeds, we need to consider the effects of heave, pitch and surge motions. Through our mathematical modeling, it is found that freedom in vertical motions increases time-dependent roll damping and added mass coefficients, especially at early planing speeds. The results of dynamic response simulations suggest that freedom in the vertical plane can decrease the roll response.

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