Abstract

The hydrostatic collapse strength of a flexible pipe is largely dependent on the ability of its carcass and/or pressure armor to resist radial loading and, therefore, its prediction involves an adequate modeling of these layers. Hence, initially, this work proposes a set of equations to estimate equivalent mechanical properties for these layers, which allows their modeling as equivalent orthotropic cylinders. Particularly, equations to predict the equivalent ring bend stiffness are obtained by simulating several two-point static ring tests with a three-dimensional finite element (FE) model based on beam elements and using these results to form datasets that are analyzed with a symbolic regression (SR) tool. The results of these analyses are the closed-form equations that best fit the provided datasets. After that, these equations are used in conjunction with a three-dimensional shell FE model (FEM) and a previously presented analytical model to study the bisymmetric hydrostatic collapse mechanism of flexible pipes. The predictions of these models agreed well with the collapse pressures obtained with numerical models and in experimental tests thus indicating the potential use of this approach in the design of flexible pipes.

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