The main purpose of the study is to investigate the breaking wave interaction with a group of four circular cylinders. The physical process of wave breaking involves many parameters, and an accurate numerical modeling of breaking waves and the interaction with a structure remain a challenge. In the present study, the open-source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model REEF3D is used to simulate the breaking wave interaction with multiple cylinders. The numerical model is based on the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations, the level set method for the free surface, and the k–ω model for turbulence. The numerical model is validated with experimental data of large-scale experiments for the free surface elevation and the breaking wave force on a single cylinder. A good agreement is obtained between the numerical results and experimental data. Two different configurations with four cylinders are examined: in-line square configuration and diamond square configuration. For both configurations, three different tank widths and four different spacings between the cylinders are investigated. The breaking wave forces on each cylinder in the group are computed for each case for the two configurations, and the results are compared with the breaking wave force on a single isolated cylinder. Furthermore, the study investigates the water surface elevations and the free surface flow features around the cylinders. For the closely spaced cylinders in a relatively narrower tank, the cylinders in both configurations experience the maximum forces lower than the maximum force on a single cylinder. But for the widely spaced cylinder in a relatively wider tank, the forces are higher and lower for the upstream cylinders and downstream cylinders, respectively, than the maximum force on a single isolated cylinder. The results of the present study show that the interference effects from the neighboring cylinders in a group strongly influence the kinematics around and the breaking wave forces on them.
Breaking Wave Interaction With a Group of Four Vertical Slender Cylinders in Two Square Arrangements
Contributed by the Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Manuscript received July 8, 2016; final manuscript received April 14, 2019; published online May 17, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Qing Xiao.
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Alagan Chella, M., Bihs, H., Kamath, A., Myrhaug, D., and Arntsen, Ø. A. (May 17, 2019). "Breaking Wave Interaction With a Group of Four Vertical Slender Cylinders in Two Square Arrangements." ASME. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. December 2019; 141(6): 061802. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043597
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