Green water occurs when an incoming wave exceeds the freeboard and propagates onto the deck of naval/offshore structures, such as floating production storage and offloading units and platforms. This water can affect the integrity of facilities and equipment that are installed on the deck, compromise the safety of the crew, and affect the dynamic stability of the structure. Traditionally, wave trains have been used to study the green water problem, which is a good approach to analyzing consecutive green water events. However, to carry out systematic studies that allow local details to be identified for different types of green water, an alternative method is to study isolated events generated by a single incoming wave. The purpose of this paper was to experimentally investigate the generation of different types of isolated green water events using the wet dam-break (DB) approach as an alternative to generating the incoming wave. Tests were carried out in a rectangular tank with a fixed internal structure. Different freeboard conditions were tested for two aspect ratios of the wet DB (h0/h1=0.40 and 0.6). Conventional wave probes were used to measure the water levels in the tank, and a high-speed camera was set to capture details of the generated green water events. The results demonstrated the ability of this approach to represent different types of green water, similar to those obtained with unbroken regular waves in barge-shaped fixed structures, including DB, plunging-dam-break (PDB) and hammer-fist (HF).

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