Nonlinear roll damping has a profound influence on ship motions and stability in ocean waves. In this study, an experimental investigation is conducted on the nonlinear roll damping of a ship in regular and irregular waves. The random decrement method, previously used in linear roll damping prediction, is extended to nonlinear roll damping estimation in the data process. The accuracy of the nonlinear roll damping obtained by using the random decrement method is found to be dependent on the values of the threshold and segment number.

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