Vessels moored in deep water may require buoys to support part of the weight of the mooring lines. The effects that size and location of supporting buoys have on the dynamics of spread mooring systems (SMS) at different water depths are assessed by studying the slow motion nonlinear dynamics of the system. Stability analysis and bifurcation theory are used to determine the changes in SMS dynamics in deep water based as functions of buoy parameters. Catastrophe sets in a two-dimensional parametric design space are developed from bifurcation boundaries, which separate regions of qualitatively different dynamics. Stability analysis defines the morphogeneses occurring as bifurcation boundaries are crossed. The mathematical model of the moored vessel consists of the horizontal plane—surge, sway, and yaw—fifth-order, large-drift, low-speed maneuvering equations. Mooring lines made of chains are modeled quasi-statically as catenaries supported by buoys including nonlinear drag and touchdown. Steady excitation from current, wind, and mean wave drift are modeled. Numerical applications are limited to steady current and show that buoys affect both the static and dynamic loss of stability of the system, and may even cause chaotic response.
Effect of Size and Position of Supporting Buoys on the Dynamics of Spread Mooring Systems
Contributed by the OMAE Division and presented at the 18th International Symposium and Exhibit on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada, July 11–16, 1999, of the THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the OMAE Division, June 30, 1999; revised manuscript received December 8, 2000. Associate Editor: J. M. Falzarano.
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Garza-Rios, L. O., and Bernitsas, M. M. (December 8, 2000). "Effect of Size and Position of Supporting Buoys on the Dynamics of Spread Mooring Systems ." ASME. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. May 2001; 123(2): 49–56. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1355778
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