Abstract

To reduce computational expenses, full-core production-type neutronics calculations are customarily performed using a simplified core-model whereby large regions of the core, called nodes, are assumed to be homogeneous. The process of generating the few-group homogenized-node macroscopic cross sections is called lattice homogenization. The simplest homogenization method is standard homogenization and full-core models based on it do not usually reproduce heterogeneous-core calculations too closely. To improve agreement between node-homogenized core results and heterogeneous-core results, advanced homogenization techniques are used. Such techniques tend to use additional parameters beside homogenized macroscopic cross sections. Superhomogenization (SPH) is an advanced lattice homogenization method which has been developed initially for light-water-reactor (LWR) lattices whereby fuel elements are arranged in a rectangular array. It has the advantage of not requiring any modification to the full-core diffusion code for its implementation. For LWRs, SPH establishes neutronic equivalence between detailed-geometry heterogeneous fuel-pin cells and homogenized fuel-pin cells by adjusting homogenized multigroup macroscopic cross sections and diffusion coefficients. This work investigates the possible use of the SPH methodology for Pressurized Heavy-Water Reactor (PHWR) lattices whose fuel pins are arranged in concentric rings rather than in a rectangular array. Results show that, with proper region definition, the SPH methodology can be used for PHWR lattices but that improvement in homogenization accuracy is only marginal compared with standard homogenization when comparing results for the same type of lattice model (single-node or multi-node).

This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview
You do not currently have access to this content.