The present work includes thermal hydraulic modeling and analysis of loss of heat sink (LOHS) accident for the ITER divertor cooling system. The analysis is done for the new design of full tungsten divertor. The new design is also analyzed for different local heat loads ranging from 10 MW/m2 to 20 MW/m2 (while maintaining the total heat load 200 MW) under the steady-state fluid conditions. The LOHS event is selected since divertor is the most sensitive component to loss or reduction in coolability of divertor primary heat transport system (DV-PHTS) loop as it receives large heat flux from plasma. The main objective of this analysis is to find margins to unwanted conditions like overstress temperatures of structure and elevated water level in the pressurizer. The analysis is done by modified thermal hydraulic code RELAP/SCDAPSIM/MOD 4.0. The results obtained are compared with the results of old divertor design which uses carbon fiber composite (CFC) layer to show that how the new design of divertor behaves compared to the older design under the accident scenario. A detailed model of DV-PHTS loop and its ancillary system is presented. The model includes promotional integral differential (PID) controller for controlling the pressurizer heater and spray system. A detailed pump model is also included in the present analysis which was previously used as a time-dependent junction. The analysis shows that under the accident scenario, (a) the divertor structure temperature at the critical sites (inner vertical target (IVT) and outer vertical target (OVT)) is always within the design limit and does not affect the structural integrity of the divertor. (b) The water level in the pressurizer increases moderately and finely controlled by the PID controller, and pressurizer safety valve does not open.
Analysis of Loss of Heat Sink for ITER Divertor Cooling System Using Modified RELAP/SCDAPSIM/MOD 4.0
Manuscript received April 25, 2018; final manuscript received January 17, 2019; published online July 19, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Eugene Shwageraus.
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Saraswat, S. P., Ray, D., Munshi, P., and Allison, C. (July 19, 2019). "Analysis of Loss of Heat Sink for ITER Divertor Cooling System Using Modified RELAP/SCDAPSIM/MOD 4.0." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. October 2019; 5(4): 042202. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042707
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