Prediction of evaporation rates from spent fuel pools of nuclear power plants in normal and postaccident conditions is of great importance for the design of safety systems. A severe accident in 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant caused failure of cooling systems of its spent fuel pools. The postaccident evaporation from the spent fuel pools of Fukushima units 2 and 4 is compared to a model based on analogy between heat and mass transfer which has been validated with a wide range of data from many water pools including a spent fuel pool. Calculations are done with two published estimates of fuel decay heat, one 25% lower than the other. The model predictions are close to the evaporation using the lower estimate of decay heat. Other relevant test data are also analyzed and found in good agreement with the model.
Calculation of Evaporation From Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Spent Fuel Pools
Manuscript received December 2, 2018; final manuscript received May 6, 2019; published online August 2, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Masaya Ohtsuka.
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Shah, M. M. (August 2, 2019). "Calculation of Evaporation From Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Spent Fuel Pools." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. October 2019; 5(4): 041602. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043847
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