Decay heat removal for prolonged period of station blackout (SBO) is a safety concern of the nuclear reactors. Aftermath of Fukushima, safety evaluation (performance under severe conditions: stress test) of the reactors was carried out worldwide. It includes establishment of grace period of the reactors. Similar exercises for advanced heavy water reactor (AHWR) were also performed and the design of AHWR was established for its robustness against such events. Decay heat removal during extended SBO is such a condition to be qualified. In this regard, experiments in the integral test loop (ITL), a full scale test facility of AHWR, were conducted for continuous 7 days of extended SBO. Experiment was started with 6.8 MPa as the initial reactor pressure and decay heat removal was demonstrated for 7 days of SBO by passive means. It is observed that the pressure falls down to 1 MPa in 3 h. The design of AHWR was evaluated from safety critical aspects during such an event experimentally. During this event, the clad surface temperature was found to be well within safe limits of operations. As a result of this experiment, it can be concluded that the design of AHWR is capable to remove decay heat for 7 days of SBO with sufficient safety margins.

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