MCrAl (M = Fe, Ni, or Co) alloys have exceptional corrosion and oxidation resistance and can be used as both oxidation resistant structural materials and coatings. As coatings, they protect high temperature steels or Ni based alloys by forming a dense alumina layer on the surface and thus impeding further oxidation. In order to assess its potential usage as an overlay coating on components used in supercritical water-cooled nuclear reactors (SCWRs), an Fe-2 3Cr-5Al alloy in the form of wire was tested under two different super-heated steam (SHS) conditions (625 °C and 800 °C) and also in supercritical water (SCW) (625 °C and 26 MPa), for 500 h. The corrosion behavior of samples was assessed by measuring the weight change per unit surface area and by examining the surface, cross-sectional microstructure and the phase compositions using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The tested samples showed different oxidation behavior after exposure to these three conditions. SEM and XRD results showed that FeCrAl has the ability to form protective Al- and Cr-containing oxide(s) under all three conditions. Based on the findings, it is concluded that the oxidation behavior of Fe–23Cr–5Al is highly influenced by pressure and temperature within the range of testing conditions. SHS exposure at low temperature led to greater weight gain while that in SCW resulted in weight loss. Overall, its performance is better under SHS conditions compared to CoCrWC S16 but worse under the SCW condition.

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