Local subassembly faults (LFs) have been considered to be of greater importance in safety evaluation in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs) because fuel elements were generally densely arranged in the subassemblies (SAs) in this type of reactors, and because power densities were higher compared with those in light water reactors. A hypothetical total instantaneous flow blockage (HTIB) at the coolant inlet of an SA gives most severe consequences among a variety of LFs. Although an evaluation on the consequences of HTIB using SAS4A code was performed in the past study, SAS4A code was further developed by implementing analytical model of power control system in this study. An evaluation on the consequences of HTIB in an SFR by this developed SAS4A code was also performed in this study. It was clarified by the analyses considering power control system that the reactor would be safely shut down by the reactor protection system triggered by either of 116% over power or delayed neutron detector (DND) trip signals. Therefore, the conclusion in the past study that the consequences of HTIB would be much less severe than that of unprotected-loss-of-flow (ULOF) was strongly supported by this study. Furthermore, SAS4A code was newly validated using four in-pile experiments which simulated HTIB events. The validity of SAS4A application to safety evaluation on the consequence of HTIB was further enhanced in this study. Thus, the methodology of HTIB evaluation was established in this study together with the past study and is applicable to HTIB evaluations in other SFRs.
Development and Validation of SAS4A Code and Its Application to Analyses on Severe Flow Blockage Accidents in a Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor
Manuscript received October 19, 2017; final manuscript received June 15, 2018; published online January 24, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Jovica R. Riznic.
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Fukano, Y. (January 24, 2019). "Development and Validation of SAS4A Code and Its Application to Analyses on Severe Flow Blockage Accidents in a Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. January 2019; 5(1): 011001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040649
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