Accident tolerant fuels (ATF) and steam generator (SG) auxiliary feedwater (AFW) extended operation are two important methods to increase the coping time for nuclear power plant safety response. In light of recent efforts to investigate such methods, we investigate both FeCrAl cladding oxidation kinetics and SG AFW sensitivity analyses, for the Surry nuclear power plant Short-Term Station Blackout simulation using the MELCOR YR 1.8.6 systems code. The first part describes the effects of FeCrAl cladding oxidation kinetics. Zircaloy cladding and two different oxidation models of FeCrAl cladding are compared. The initial hydrogen generation time (>0.5 kg) is used as the evaluation criterion for fuel degradation in a severe accident. Results showed that the more recent oxidation correlation by ORNL predicts much less hydrogen generation than Zircaloy cladding. The second part investigates the effects of three different methods of AFW injection into the SG secondary side. We considered three different methods of water injection; i.e., constant water injection into the secondary side (case 1); water injection based on secondary side water level in boiler region (case 2); water injection based on secondary side water level in the downcomer region (case 3). The case of constant water injection is the most straightforward, but it would have the tendency to overfill the SG with excess water. Water injection with downcomer level control is more reasonable but requires DC power to monitor level and to control AFW injection rate.
Iron–Chromium–Aluminum (FeCrAl) Cladding Oxidation Kinetics and Auxiliary Feedwater Sensitivity Analysis—Short-Term Station Blackout Simulation of Surry Nuclear Power Plant
Manuscript received October 17, 2017; final manuscript received July 10, 2018; published online September 10, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Jovica R. Riznic.
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Wang, J., Mccabe, M., Christopher Haskin, T., Wu, Y., Su, G., and Corradini, M. L. (September 10, 2018). "Iron–Chromium–Aluminum (FeCrAl) Cladding Oxidation Kinetics and Auxiliary Feedwater Sensitivity Analysis—Short-Term Station Blackout Simulation of Surry Nuclear Power Plant." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. October 2018; 4(4): 041002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040887
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