This paper deals with near past, ongoing, and planned R&D works on fission products (FPs) behavior in reactor cooling system (RCS), containment building and in filtered containment venting systems (FCVS) for severe accident (SA) conditions. All the researches are collaborative works; the overall objective is to develop confident models to be implemented in simulation software. After being initiated in 2004, researches on iodine transport through the RCS are still ongoing and for containment, the last advances are linked to the source term (ST) evaluation and mitigation (STEM) OECD/NEA project. The objective is to improve the evaluation of ST for a SA on a nuclear power plant and to reduce uncertainties on specific phenomena dealing with the chemistry of two major FPs: iodine and ruthenium. For ruthenium attention has been paid to study the amount and nature (gas/aerosol partition) of ruthenium species along the RCS. A follow-up, called STEM2, has started to reduce some remaining issues and be closer to reactor conditions. For FCVS works, the efficiencies for trapping iodine covering scrubbers and dry filters are examined to get a clear view of their abilities in SA conditions. Another part is focused on specific porous materials able to trap volatile iodine. Influence of zeolite materials parameters (nature of the counter-ions, structure, Si/Al ratio…) are tested as well as new kind of porous materials constituted by Metal organic Frameworks will also be looked at.
Research Works on Iodine and Ruthenium Behavior in Severe Accident Conditions
Manuscript received October 3, 2016; final manuscript received September 22, 2017; published online March 5, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Asif Arastu.
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Cantrel, L., Albiol, T., Bosland, L., Colombani, J., Cousin, F., Grégoire, A., Leroy, O., Morin, S., Mun, C., Ohnet, M., Souvi, S., Monsanglant-Louvet, C., Louis, F., Azambre, B., and Volkringer, C. (March 5, 2018). "Research Works on Iodine and Ruthenium Behavior in Severe Accident Conditions." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. April 2018; 4(2): 020903. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038223
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