The supercritical water reactor (SCWR) is one of the Generation IV designs. The SCWR is characterized by its high efficiency, low waste production, and simple design. Despite the suitable properties of supercritical water as a coolant, its physicochemical properties change sharply with pressure and temperature in the supercritical region. For this reason, there are many doubts about how changes in these variables affect the behavior of the materials to general corrosion or to specific types of corrosion such as stress corrosion cracking (SCC). Austenitic stainless steels are candidate materials to build the SCWR due to their optimum behavior in the light water reactors (LWRs). Nevertheless, their behavior under the SCWR conditions is not well known. First, the objective of this work was to study the SCC behavior of austenitic stainless steel 316 type L in deaerated supercritical water at and 30 MPa and to determine how variations in pressure and temperature influence its behavior with regard to SCC and to make progress in the understanding of mechanisms involved in SCC processes in this environment. Second, the oxide layer formed at was analyzed to gain some insight into these processes.
Influence of Changes in Pressure and Temperature of Supercritical Water on the Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel
Manuscript received May 29, 2015; final manuscript received January 15, 2016; published online December 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Thomas Schulenberg.
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Sáez-Maderuelo, A., Gómez-Briceño, D., and Maffiotte, C. (December 20, 2016). "Influence of Changes in Pressure and Temperature of Supercritical Water on the Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel." ASME. ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci. January 2017; 3(1): 011009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032780
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