Chemical kinetic models are being developed for the γ-radiolysis of subcritical and supercritical water (SCW) to estimate the concentrations of radiolytically produced oxidants. Many of the physical properties of water change sharply at the critical point. These properties control the chemical stability and transport behavior of the ions and radicals generated by the radiolysis of SCW. The effects of changes in the solvent properties of water on primary radiolytic processes and the subsequent aqueous reaction kinetics can be quite complicated and are not yet well understood. The approach used in this paper was to adapt an existing liquid water radiolysis model (LRM) that has already been validated for lower temperatures and a water vapor radiolysis model (VRM) validated for higher temperatures, but for lower pressures, to calculate radiolysis product speciation under conditions approaching the supercritical state. The results were then extrapolated to the supercritical regime by doing critical analysis of the input parameters. This exercise found that the vapor-like and liquid-like models make similar predictions under some conditions. This paper presents and discusses the LRM and VRM predictions for the concentrations of molecular radiolysis products, H2, O2, and H2O2 at two different irradiation times, 1 s and 1 hr, as a function of temperature ranging from 25°C to 400°C. The model simulation results are then compared with the concentrations of H2, O2, and H2O2 measured as a function of γ-irradiation time at 250°C. Model predictions on the effect of H2 addition on the radiolysis product concentrations at 400°C are presented and compared with the experimental results from the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant (NPP).

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