Abstract

The understanding of strength recovery behavior under a dynamic loading environment provides guidance for optimizing the design of composite structures for in-service applications. Although established for metals, the quantification of strength recovery in carbon fiber reinforced viscoelastic composites is still an area under active research. This study aims to understand the effects of fatigue loading rates on the damage behaviors of stress-relaxed carbon fiber-based composites. Hence, the time dependent strength recovery in woven composites is quantified experimentally using two mutually exclusive approaches under identical fatigue loading environments. In the first approach, the strength recovery is quantified by the dissipated non-linearity in Lamb wave propagation due to the damage state of the composite materials. This is quantified and shown coupled with second and third order non-linear parameters. In the second approach, ultrasonic acoustic pressure waves are utilized to quantify the fatigue induced internal stress and the damage accumulation. Comparison of these two approaches leads to the assessment of strength reduction which is experimentally validated with the remaining strength of the specimens.

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