Composite materials find wide range of applications due to their high strength-to-weight ratio. Due to this increasing dependence on composite materials, there is a need to study their mechanical behavior in case of damage. There are several extended nondestructive testing (ENDT) and structural health-monitoring (SHM) methods for the assessment of the mechanical properties each with their set of advantages and disadvantages. This paper presents a comparative study of three distinct damage detection methods (infrared thermography (IRT), neutral axis (NA) method based on optical strain sensor measurements, and terahertz spectroscopy) for the detection of delamination and temperature-induced damage in a simple glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) beamlike structure. The terahertz spectroscopy is a specialized technique suitable for detecting deterioration inside the structure but has limited application for in-service performance monitoring. Similarly, the IRT technique in the active domain may be used for in situ monitoring but not in in-service assessment. Both methods allow the visualization of the internal structure and hence allow identification of the type and the extent of damage. Fiber optic sensors (especially fiber Bragg grating (FBG)) due to their small diameter and no need of calibration can be permanently integrated within the sample and applied for continuous dynamic strain measurements. The measured strain is treated as an input for neutral axis (NA) method, which as a damage-sensitive feature may be used for in-service monitoring but gives absolutely no information about the type and extent of damage. The results for damage detection based on proposed comparative studies give a complete description of the analyzed structure.
Damage Assessment in Composite Beam Using Infrared Thermography, Optical Sensors, and Terahertz Technique
Manuscript received October 28, 2017; final manuscript received February 5, 2018; published online April 2, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Hoon Sohn.
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Soman, R. N., Majewska, K., Mieloszyk, M., and Ostachowicz, W. (April 2, 2018). "Damage Assessment in Composite Beam Using Infrared Thermography, Optical Sensors, and Terahertz Technique." ASME. ASME J Nondestructive Evaluation. August 2018; 1(3): 031001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039359
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