This paper addresses the predictive simulation of acoustic emission (AE) guided waves that appear due to sudden energy release during incremental crack propagation. The Helmholtz decomposition approach is applied to the inhomogeneous elastodynamic Navier–Lame equations for both the displacement field and body forces. For the displacement field, we use the usual decomposition in terms of unknown scalar and vector potentials, and . For the body forces, we hypothesize that they can also be expressed in terms of excitation scalar and vector potentials, and . It is shown that these excitation potentials can be traced to the energy released during an incremental crack propagation. Thus, the inhomogeneous Navier–Lame equation has been transformed into a system of inhomogeneous wave equations in terms of known excitation potentials and and unknown potentials and . The solution is readily obtained through direct and inverse Fourier transforms and application of the residue theorem. A numerical study of the one-dimensional (1D) AE guided wave propagation in a 6 mm thick 304-stainless steel plate is conducted. A Gaussian pulse is used to model the growth of the excitation potentials during the AE event; as a result, the actual excitation potential follows the error function variation in the time domain. The numerical studies show that the peak amplitude of A0 signal is higher than the peak amplitude of S0 signal, and the peak amplitude of bulk wave is not significant compared to S0 and A0 peak amplitudes. In addition, the effects of the source depth, higher propagating modes, and propagating distance on guided waves are also investigated.
A Helmholtz Potential Approach to the Analysis of Guided Wave Generation During Acoustic Emission Events
Manuscript received May 4, 2017; final manuscript received September 28, 2017; published online October 27, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Paul Fromme.
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Haider, M. F., and Giurgiutiu, V. (October 27, 2017). "A Helmholtz Potential Approach to the Analysis of Guided Wave Generation During Acoustic Emission Events." ASME. ASME J Nondestructive Evaluation. May 2018; 1(2): 021002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038116
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