In this study, we report the bioprinting of a three-dimensional (3D) heterogeneous conduit structure encapsulating PC12 neural cells. A core–shell-based hybrid construct is fabricated by combining electrospinning, polymer extrusion, and cell-based bioprinting processes to create a multiscale and multimaterial conduit structure. PC12 nerve cells were shown to be printed with high cell viability (>95%) and to proliferate within the rolled construct at a rate consistent with traditional two-dimensional (2D) culture. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) have also shown encapsulation of cells within the printed alginate gel and an even cell distribution throughout the heterogeneous cellular construct.

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