Single-crystalline nanoporous gallium nitride (GaN) thin films were fabricated with the pore size readily tunable in 20–100 nm. Uniform adhesion and spreading of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) seeded on these thin films peak on the surface with pore size of 30 nm. Substantial cell elongation emerges as pore size increases to ∼80 nm. The osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs occurs preferentially on the films with 30 nm sized nanopores, which is correlated with the optimum condition for cell spreading, which suggests that adhesion, spreading, and stem cell differentiation are interlinked and might be coregulated by nanotopography.
Single-Crystalline, Nanoporous Gallium Nitride Films With Fine Tuning of Pore Size for Stem Cell Engineering
Manuscript received February 2, 2015; final manuscript received March 17, 2015; published online June 24, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Donglei (Emma) Fan.
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Han, L., Zhou, J., Sun, Y., Zhang, Y., Han, J., Fu, J., and Fan, R. (November 1, 2014). "Single-Crystalline, Nanoporous Gallium Nitride Films With Fine Tuning of Pore Size for Stem Cell Engineering." ASME. J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med. November 2014; 5(4): 040903. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4030615
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