Delivering foreign molecules into human cells is a wide and ongoing area of research. Gene therapy, or delivering nucleic acids into cells via nonviral or viral pathways, is an especially promising area for pharmaceutics. All gene therapy methods have their respective advantages and disadvantages, including limited delivery efficiency and low viability. We present an electromechanical method for delivering foreign molecules into human cells. Nanoinjection, or delivering molecules into cells using a solid lance, has proven to be highly efficient while maintaining high viability levels. This paper describes an array of solid silicon microlances that was tested to determine efficiency and viability when nanoinjecting tens of thousands of HeLa cells simultaneously. Propidium iodide (PI), a dye that fluoresces when bound to nucleic acids and does not fluoresce when unbound, was delivered into cells using the lance array. Results show that the lance array delivers PI into up to 78% of a nanoinjected HeLa cell culture, while maintaining 78–91% viability. With these results, we submit the nanoinjection method using a silicon lance array as another promising particle delivery method for mammalian culture cells.

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