Despite the progress in tissue engineering, several challenges must be addressed for organ printing to become a reality. The most critical challenge is the integration of a vascular network, which is also a problem that the majority of tissue engineering technologies are facing. An embedded microfluidic channel network is probably the most promising solution to this problem. However, the available microfluidic channel fabrication technologies either have difficulty achieving a three-dimensional complex structure or are difficult to integrate within cell printing process in tandem. In this paper, a novel printable vessel-like microfluidic channel fabrication method is introduced that enables direct bioprinting of cellular microfluidic channels in form of hollow tubes. Alginate and chitosan hydrogels were used to fabricate microfluidic channels showing the versatility of the process. Geometric characterization was performed to understand effect of biomaterial and its flow rheology on geometric properties. Microfluidic channels were printed and embedded within bulk hydrogel to test their functionality through perfusion of cell type oxygenized media. Cell viability experiments were conducted and showed great promise of the microfluidic channels for development of vascular networks.

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