This article presents an automotive control approach for information-rich future mobility. It integrates in-vehicle networked controls with cloud computing accessible through a wireless network to elevate current on-board controls to a new level for additional benefits and performance. Outsourcing computation-intensive tasks to a cloud-computing server is an extension of the current server-based concierge/infotainment type features. While in-vehicle controls remain essential for safety critical and real-time functionality, the cloud-computing paradigm offers another degree of freedom for control system design. In future vehicle controls, the cloud can be used for very demanding computations that otherwise cannot be accomplished by on-board electronic control units (ECUs), especially for information-intensive tasks. The so-called local-simple-remote-complex vehicle control strategies are likely to unlock the potential of implementing methods and tools that are presently used only in an off-line setting. The cloud can also be used as a storage place to record current and historic vehicle data that can be used for predictive diagnosis and prognostics of the vehicle health.
Dimitar Filev is Senior Technical Leader, Ford Research & Advanced Engineering. He received his PhD. degree in Electrical Engineering from the Czech Technical University in Prague in 1979. He joined Ford Motor Company in 1994. His research interests are in modeling and control of complex systems, intelligent control, fuzzy and neural systems, and their applications to automotive engineering. He has published 4 books, over 200 technical papers, and holds 20 US patents. He is the recipient of the 2008 Norbert Wiener Award of the IEEE SMC Society and the 2007 IFSA Outstanding Industrial Applications Award and is Co-Editor in Chief of the Int. J. on Evolving Systems. Dr. Filev is a Fellow of IEEE and IFSA and is shown in the photograph below delivering a lecture at the 2009 Benjamin Franklin Symposium at Villanova University.
Jianbo Lu received his Ph.D. degree in Aerospace Engineering from Purdue University in 1997. He joined Ford in 2000, where he is currently a Technical Expert. His interests are in automotive controls, intelligent & adaptive vehicles, driver assistance, and active safety. He is a recipient of the Henry Ford Technology Award. He is a co-inventor on more than 70 US patents and is the author/co-author of more than 60 technical papers. He is currently serving as an Associate Editor for IFAC J. of Control Engineering Practice and IEEE Trans. on Control Systems Technology and is the Chair of Intelligent Vehicular Systems & Control Technical Committee, IEEE SMC Society. Dr. Lu is a senior member of IEEE and a member of ASME, SAE, and Tau Beta Pi. The photograph below shows Dr. Lu at the recent FISITA 2012 conference in Beijing.
Davor Hrovat received his Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Davis in 1979. Since 1981, he has been with the Ford Motor Company where he conducted and led R&D efforts on various aspects of chassis, power train and overall vehicle control. He is a co-inventor on more than 50 US patents and is the author/co-author of more than 100 technical papers. In 2006 he was appointed the first Henry Ford Technical Fellow in the area of Controls. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the recipient of the 1996 ASME/Dynamic Systems and Control Innovative Practice Award and the 1999 AACC Control Engineering Practice Award. In addition, Dr. Hrovat is a Fellow of IEEE, IFAC, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
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Filev, D., Lu, J., and Hrovat, D. (March 1, 2013). "Future Mobility." ASME. Mechanical Engineering. March 2013; 135(03): S18–S24. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2013-MAR-6
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