This article reviews the past successes and future challenges of model-based approaches for the analysis, design, and control of hybrid vehicles. Hybrid and electrified vehicles have demonstrated significant fuel economy improvement, especially for city driving, and are gaining market acceptance. The success of hybrid vehicles in Japan demonstrates the potential for hybrid vehicles in other urban markets with high fuel prices, such as large cities in Europe and Asia. Hybrid vehicles are generally classified according to their powertrain architecture. The electric grid and the transportation system are the two largest sectors that produce greenhouse gas emissions. When large numbers of vehicles are electrified and draw power from the electric grid, it is important to aim for reduced overall greenhouse gas emissions, rather than just shifting emissions from tailpipes to power plant stacks. The article concludes that the design, modeling, and control of hybrid vehicles is a subject rich in research opportunities for the dynamic systems and control community.
Hybrid and Electrified Vehicles
Giorgio Rizzoni is the Ford Motor Co. Chair in Electromechanical Systems and professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the Center for Automotive Research at Ohio State University (OSU). He is a Fellow of IEEE and SAE. His research activities are related to advanced propulsion systems for ground vehicles, energy efficiency, alternative fuels, the interaction between vehicles and the electric power grid, vehicle safety and intelligence, and policy and economic analysis of alternative fuels and vehicle fuel economy.
Huei Peng is a professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Michigan. He participated in the design of several military and civilian concept hybrid vehicles, including FTTS, FMTV, Eaton parallel electric hybrid, and Super-HUMMWV. He is currently the U.S. Director of the Department of Energy sponsored Clean Energy Research Center—Clean Vehicle Consortium, which supports 40 clean vehicle research projects.
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Rizzoni, G., and Peng, H. (March 1, 2013). "Hybrid and Electrified Vehicles." ASME. Mechanical Engineering. March 2013; 135(03): S10–S17. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2013-MAR-5
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