Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are life-saving, surgically implanted mechanical heart pumps used to treat patients with advanced heart failure (HF). While life-saving, LVAD support is associated with a high incidence of complications, making early recognition and management of LVAD complications a critical need. Blood clot formation within the LVAD, known as LVAD thrombosis, is a catastrophic complication of LVAD therapy that often requires LVAD exchange due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Using digital stethoscopes, we identified differences in acoustic spectra from two patients presenting with LVAD thrombosis compared with normally functioning LVAD pumps within the same patient. Importantly, these acoustic changes were present even in the absence of typical signs of HF that are often present in LVAD thrombosis patients. Our work suggests that acoustic spectral analysis of digital stethoscope signals could be used for early detection and mitigation of LVAD complications.
Acoustic Signatures of Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis
Manuscript received June 12, 2018; final manuscript received September 14, 2018; published online January 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Thomas J. Royston.
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Patel, P., Mainsah, B., Milano, C. A., Nowacek, D. P., Collins, L., and Karra, R. (January 18, 2019). "Acoustic Signatures of Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis." ASME. ASME J of Medical Diagnostics. May 2019; 2(2): 024501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041529
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