Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a recommended emergency procedure for a person who has collapsed with no signs of breathing and pulse. It consists of external cardiac massage and sometimes artificial respiration to maintain the minimum blood circulation and oxygen exchange necessary for survival until help arrives. When CPR is needed outside a hospital, most witnesses are not comfortable performing it due to lack of training or confidence. Furthermore, sustaining the essential survival baseline in an average adult requires continuous compressions of 4 cm in depth and 100 compressions per minute, which is very physically demanding. Without any feedback, even the experienced emergency responders only maintain 40% of their compressions at an adequate level due to fatigue [1].

To mitigate bystanders' hesitation and increase performance awareness in professionals, many CPR aiding devices have emerged over the years. They provide various degrees of guidance and/or...

References

References
1.
Celik-Butler
,
Z.
,
Priest
,
J. W.
,
Cason
,
C. L.
,
Mancini
,
M. E.
,
Morallee
,
K. G.
, and
Fossan
,
H.
,
2008
, “
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Sensor
,” U.S. Patent No. 8,034,006.
2.
Yeung
,
J.
,
Meeks
,
R.
,
Edelson
,
D.
,
Gao
,
F.
,
Soar
,
J.
, and
Perkins
,
G. D.
,
2009
, “
The Use of CPR Feedback/Prompt Devices During Training and CPR Performance: A Systematic Review
,”
Resuscitation
,
80
(
7
), pp.
743
751
.10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.04.012
3.
Sayre
,
M. R.
,
Berg
,
R. A.
,
Cave
,
D. M.
,
Page
,
R. L.
,
Potts
,
J.
, and
White
,
R. D.
,
2008
, “
Hands-Only (Compression-Only) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Call to Action for Bystander Response to Adults Who Experience Out-of-Hospital Sudden Cardiac Arrest: A Science Advisory for the Public From the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee
,”
Circulation
,
117
(
16
), pp.
2162
2167
.10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.189380
4.
Go
,
A. S.
Mozafffarian
,
D.
,
Roger
,
V. l.
,
Benjamin
,
E. J.
,
Berrry
,
J. D.
,
Borden
,
W. B.
,
Bravata
,
D. M.
,
Dai
,
S.
,
Ford
,
E. S.
,
Fox,
C. S.
,
Franco
,
S.
,
Fullerton,
H. J.
,
Gillespie
,
C.
,
Hailpern
,
S. M.
,
Heit
,
J. A.
,
Howard
,
M. D.
,
Kissela
,
B. M.
,
Kittner
,
S. J.
,
Lackland
,
D. T.
,
Lichtman
,
J. H.
,
Lisabeth
,
L. D.
,
Magid
,
D.
,
Marcus
,
G. M.
,
Marelli
,
A.
,
Machar
,
D. B.
,
McGuire
,
D. K.
,
Mohler
,
E. R.
,
Moy
,
C. S.
,
Mussolino
,
M. E.
,
Nichol
,
G.
,
Paynter
,
N. P.
,
Schreiner
,
P. J.
,
Sorlie
,
P. D.
,
Stein
,
J.
,
Turan
,
T. N.
,
Virani
,
S. S.
,
Wong
,
N. D.
,
Woo
,
D.
, and
Turner
,
M. B.
,
2013
, “
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2013 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association
,”
Circulation
,
127
(
1
), pp.
e6
e245
.10.1161/CIR.0b013e31828124ad
You do not currently have access to this content.