Mortality rates are unnecessarily high in developing countries due to lack of medical training or available procedures. For example, maternal deaths were estimated at 287,000 in 2010 of which 99% happened in developing countries [1]. Many of these deaths could be avoided if the physicians and nurses had a way to train and practice life-saving medical procedures like Cesarean sections or tracheotomies without risking harm to patients. A way to do this would be to have surgical simulators that they could train on. While the medical profession in the developed world has shifted to simulation-based training [2], current procedural simulators range from $500 to $300,000 [3], which is not an option for most hospitals or care providers in developing countries.

We propose an open-source ultralow-cost (less than $10 USD) medical procedure simulator platform that would be made of materials...

References

References
1.
WHO, 2012, “Maternal Mortality,” World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
2.
Kunkler
,
K.
,
2006
, “
The Role of Medical Simulation: An Overview
,”
Int. J. Med. Rob. Comput. Assist. Surg.
,
2
(
3
), pp.
203
210
.10.1002/rcs.101
3.
Simulab Corporation
,
2014
, www.simulab.com
4.
Azwar
,
E.
, and
Hakkarainen
,
M.
,
2012
, “
Tuning the Mechanical Properties of Tapioca Starch by Plasticizers, Inorganic Fillers and Agrowaste-Based Fillers
,”
ISRN Polymer Science
,
2012
, p. 463298.10.5402/2012/463298
5.
Gaspar
,
M.
,
Benko
,
Z.
,
Dogossy
,
G.
,
Reczey
,
K.
, and
Czigany
,
T.
,
2005
, “
Reducing Water Absorption in Compostable Starch-Based Plastics
,”
Poly. Degrad. Stab.
,
90
(
3
), pp.
563
569
.10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.03.012
6.
Yunos
, M. Z. B., and Rahman, W. A. W. A.,
2011
, “
Effect of Glycerol on Performance Rice Straw/Starch Based Polymer
,”
J. Appl. Sci.
,
11
(
13
), pp.
2456
2459
.10.3923/jas.2011.2456.2459
You do not currently have access to this content.