(Biomedical engineering) will continue to have a huge impact on healthcare. (T)oday it is the fastest-growing area of engineering.”—Wellcome Trust (UK), in announcing their $65 M 2010 Medical Engineering Initiative.

It is widely recognized that this impact will continue to grow as our society faces ever-increasing pressures due to demographic changes [1]. As one example of this growth, primary total knee replacements are predicted to increase from 430,000 in 2005 to a “staggering” 2.2 million procedures by 2030 [2]. As the Wellcome Trust noted, technological innovation will play a key role in our responses to those pressures. But while it is true that advances in healthcare technology are ultimately driven by fundamental advances in technical fields, such as imaging, molecular biology, nanoscale and microscale device fabrication, and materials science, these advances only become innovations and have an impact through...

References

References
1.
Baker
,
C
.,
2008
, “
Technological Change and the Growth of Health Care Spending
,”
U.S. Congressional Budget Office Report
, Pub. No. 2764.
2.
Kurtz
,
S. M.
,
Lau
,
E.
,
Zhao
,
K.
,
Mowat
,
F.
,
Ong
,
K.
, and
Halpern
,
M. T.
,
2006
, “
The Future Burden of Hip and Knee Revisions: U.S. Projections From 2005 to 2030
,”
73rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)
,
Chicago, IL
, March 22–24.
3.
Ekelman
,
K. B.
, ed.,
1988
,
New Medical Devices: Invention, Development, and Use
,
U.S. National Academy of Engineering
, Washington, DC.
4.
Gelijns
,
A.
, and
Rosenberg
,
N.
,
1994
,
“The Dynamics of Technological Change in Medicine
,”
Health Affairs
,
13
(
3
), pp.
28
46
.10.1377/hlthaff.13.3.28
5.
Lettl
,
C.
,
Herstatt
,
C.
, and
Gemuenden
,
H. G.
,
2006
, “
Users’ Contributions to Radical Innovation: Evidence From Four Cases in the Field of Medical Equipment Technology
,”
R&D Manage.
,
36
(
3
), pp.
251
272
.10.1111/j.1467-9310.2006.00431.x
6.
UBC Biomedical Engineering, 2014, “Engineers in Scrubs Training Program
,” University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, www.bme.ubc.ca/graduate-studies/engineers-in-scrubs
7.
Guinan
,
E.
,
Boudreau
,
K. J.
, and
Lakhani
,
K. R.
,
2013
, “
Experiments in Open Innovation at Harvard Medical School
,” MIT Sloan Manage. Rev.,
54
(3), pp. 45–52.
You do not currently have access to this content.