The early prediction and management of plantar ulceration in patients with anesthetic foot such as in leprosy and diabetes have been major challenges in the field of health care all over the world. Sensory loss along with the underlying pathomechanics is one of the main causes for plantar ulcers in these patients. With increasing number of diabetic and existing foot cases, the problem requires more surgical interventions. Clinicians can provide a means to better distribute the pressure around the foot, and can also correct the biomechanics of the foot by using a customized shoe insole. If detected early enough, orthopedic insoles can correct or prevent further complications and deformities in a deformed anesthetic foot. In this study the three-dimensional (3D) model of the foot was used to fabricate a customized orthosis.

The nerve damage in a leprosy affected person causes significant impairments if not detected...

References

References
1.
Paul
,
S. K.
,
Sivarasu
,
S.
, and
Mathew
,
L.
,
2012
, “
Customized Foot Orthosis Development by 3D Reconstruction of the CT Images
,”
Eng.
,
4
(
4
), pp.
692
695
.10.4236/eng.2012.410088
2.
Johansson
,
R. S.
, and
Vallbo
,
A. B.
,
1979
, “
Tactile Sensitivity in the Human Hand; Relative and Absolute Densities of Four Types of Mechanoreceptive Units in Glabrous Skin
,”
J. Physiol.
,
286
(
1
), pp.
283
300
.
3.
Dargahi
,
J.
,
Parameswaran
,
M.
, and
Payandeh
,
S. A.
,
2000
, “
Micromachined Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor for and Endoscopic Grasper—Theory, Fabrication, and Experiments
,”
J. Microelectromech. Syst.
,
9
(
3
), pp.
329
335
.10.1109/84.870059
4.
Fisch
,
A.
,
Marvoidis
,
C.
,
Melli-Huber
,
J.
, and
Bar-Cohen
,
Y.
,
2003
, “
Haptic Devices for Virtual Reality, Teleprescence and Human Assistive Robotics
,”
Biologically-Inspires Intelligent Robots
,
Y.
Bar-Cohen
and
C.
Breazeal
, eds.,
SPIE Press
,
Bellingham, WA
.
5.
Kato
,
I.
,
Kudo
,
Y.
, and
Ichimaru
,
K.
,
1977
, “Artificial Softness Sensing—An Automatic Apparatus for Measuring Viscoelasticity,”
Mech. Mach. Theory
,
12
(
1
), pp.
11
26
.10.1016/0094-114X(77)90053-2
6.
Kandel
,
E. R.
,
Schwartz
,
J. H.
, and
Jessell
,
T. M.
, 2000,
Principles of Neural Science, McGraw-Hill, New York
.
7.
Caldwell
,
D. G.
,
Tsagarakis
,
N.
, and
Wardel
,
A.
,
1997
, “
Mechano-Thermo and Proprioceptor Feedback for Integrated Haptic Feedback
,”
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
,
Albuquerque
, NM, April 20–25, pp.
2491
2496
.10.1109/ROBOT.1997.619335
8.
Lee
,
M. H.
, and
Nicholls
,
H. R.
,
1999
, “
Tactile Sensing for Mechatronics—A State of the Surgery
,”
Mechatronics
,
9
(
1
), pp.
1
31
.10.1016/S0957-4158(98)00045-2
You do not currently have access to this content.