The liver is one of the most essential organs, and transplantation is an established treatment for patients with end-stage disease who have lost their liver function. However, organ shortage is a critical problem in transplantation; thus, the development of an innovative preservation system to adopt critical grafts obtained from extended criteria donors or donation after cardiac death donors as viable organs for transplantation is necessary. We recently developed a novel rewarming machine perfusion preservation system for liver transplantation, and herein discuss this system, which allows the perfusion temperature to be controlled during the transition from hypothermic to subnormothermic conditions. This system has two functions: (1) the preservation and recovery of organ function and (2) screening the organ for viability. To achieve these functions, this system has three features: (1) temperature control of the preservation perfusate and liver graft, (2) dual-controlled perfusion of the portal vein and hepatic artery, and (3) real-time monitoring of the perfusion conditions, including the flow rate, perfusion pressure and temperature. This system was useful for liver preservation and for evaluating the graft viability and recovery of functions during machine perfusion before transplantation. This novel rewarming machine preservation system was tested in an experimental model using porcine liver grafts. We report that this system has certain advantages in liver preservation, and believe that this system will positively contribute to the expansion of the organ donor pool.

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