Bariatric/metabolic surgery has become popular for weight reduction. In 2011, 340,768 bariatric surgeries were performed worldwide; 101,645 of these operations were performed in the United States and Canada [1]. In addition, in emerging counties, overweight and obesity are rapidly increasing [2,3]. Bariatric surgical procedures are mainly performed by two modalities: open surgery or minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery with single and multiple points of entry. Both approaches generally require patients to be subjected to intubation and general anesthesia. Moreover, in the laparoscopic surgery, patients require carbon dioxide insufflation of the abdomen as well, and from one to multiple incisions for access points to deploy all endoscopic instrumentation. Therefore, conventional surgical procedures require the use of a general anesthesia equipment system, and an expensive laparoscopy platform. These systems cost hospitals millions of dollars. Besides, in terms of safety aspect, several problems are pointed...

References

References
1.
Buchwald
,
H.
, and
Oien
,
D. M.
, “
Metabolic/Bariatric Surgery Worldwide 2011
.”
Obes Surg.
2012
(in press).
2.
Frost
&
Sullivan
, “
Nutritional Solutions for Weight Management in India
” 9833-88, January
2012
.
3.
Frost
&
Sullivan
, “
Child Obesity Treatment in Latin America Needs to Speed Up
”, 12 July
2006
.
4.
Buchwald
,
H.
,
Menchaca
,
H. J.
,
Michalek
,
V. N.
,
Suguitani
,
N. T.
,
Singh
,
H.
,
George
,
P.
, and
Belani
,
K. G.
, “
Micro-orifice metabolic/bariatric surgery under IV sedation/local anesthesia: porcine feasibility study
.”
Obes Surg. 2010 Apr;
20
(
4
):
500-5
. Epub 2010 Feb.
5.
UP Patent Pub. No. US2009/0018400.
6.
UP Patent Pub. No. US2007/0238932.
7.
US Patent #7981031.
8.
US Patent #7935053.
9.
US Patent #5928139.
10.
US Patent #6450952.
11.
US Patent #7374534.
12.
US Patent #5505690.
13.
UP Patent #7473222.
You do not currently have access to this content.