Heart failure (HF) is a growing disease burden. Patients with severe HF, often become candidates to receive a Ventricular Assist Device (VAD). Perioperative support with an Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) is common. A Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) is a mechanical circulatory device that is implanted in people whose heart is too weak to pump blood at a sufficient rate to meet the metabolic demands of the body (HF, heart failure). It is also referred to as a heart pump, and partially or completely takes over the function of a failing heart. If a VAD is implanted to assist the right ventricle, it is referred to as the Right Ventricular Assist Device (RVAD); if it is implanted to assist the left ventricle, it is referred to as the Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD), if two devices are implanted to assist both ventricles, it is referred to...

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