Over the last few years, significant advances have been made in the field of additive manufacturing and three-dimensional (3D) printing which has impacted health care industry in a major way. Manufacturers and medical device researchers are using additive manufacturing technology to develop: (a) 3D-printed models and prototypes for presurgical planning and patient education, (b) new designs of medical devices which could not be fabricated using traditional manufacturing techniques, and (c) implantable and nonimplantable medical devices that are designed for the anatomy of a specific patient. In the future, the advancements made in the additive manufacturing technology might enable the clinicians, surgeons, and radiologists to personalize and print on demand medical implants (with appropriate regulatory oversight) that meet the needs of individual patients. Another exciting advance in additive manufacturing is bioprinting which involves the 3D printing of human tissues by depositing cells layer-by-layer to grow organs....

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