Trans-oral laser microsurgery (TLM) is a surgical procedure for removing malignancies (e.g., cysts, polyps, tumors) of the laryngeal region through laser ablation. Intraoperative microsurgical forceps (i.e., microforceps) are used for tissue manipulation. The microforceps are rigid, single degree-of-freedom (DOF) devices (open–close) with precurved jaws to access different parts of the curved cylindrical laryngeal region. These microforceps are manually handled and are subject to hand tremors, poor reachability, and nonergonomic use, resulting in poor efficacy and efficiency in the surgery. A novel 3DOF motorized microforceps device is presented here, integrated with a 6DOF serial robotic manipulator. The device, referred to as RMF-3, offers three motorized DOFs: (i) open–close forceps jaw; (ii) tool rotation; and (iii) tool-tip articulation. It is designed to be compliant with TLM spatial constraints. The manual handling is replaced by tele-operation device, the omega.7. The design of the RMF-3 is characterized through theoretical and experimental analysis. The device shows a maximum articulation of 38 deg and tool rotation of 100 deg. Its performance is further evaluated through user trials using the ring-in-loop setup. The user trials demonstrate benefits of the 3DOF workspace of the device along with its teleoperation control. RMF-3 offers an improved workspace and reachability within the laryngeal region. Surgeons, in their preliminary evaluation of the device, appreciated the ability to articulate the tip, along with rotation, for hard-to-reach parts of the surgical site. RMF-3 offers an ergonomic robotic teleoperation control interface which overcomes hand tremors and extreme wrist excursion which leads to surgeon pain and discomfort.
Design and Modeling of a Three-Degree-of-Freedom Articulating Robotic Microsurgical Forceps for Trans-Oral Laser Microsurgery
Manuscript received September 18, 2018; final manuscript received February 25, 2019; published online April 4, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Venketesh Dubey.
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Chauhan, M., Deshpande, N., Caldwell, D. G., and Mattos, L. S. (April 4, 2019). "Design and Modeling of a Three-Degree-of-Freedom Articulating Robotic Microsurgical Forceps for Trans-Oral Laser Microsurgery." ASME. J. Med. Devices. June 2019; 13(2): 021006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043017
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