Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has limited the effectiveness of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) therapy in some heart failure (HF) patients. Intravascular pumps can provide adequate circulatory support without the need for extensive operations. The development of an intravascular right ventricular assist device (RVAD), called the cavo-arterial pump (CAP), is presented. Two prototypes of the CAP were developed to demonstrate the feasibility of providing adequate pulmonary support and to demonstrate the feasibility of using axial magnetic couplings for contactless torque transmission from the motor shaft to the pump impeller. The CAP utilizing a direct drive mechanism produced a maximum pressure of 100 mm Hg and a maximum flow of 2.25 L/min when operated at 24 kRPM. When a magnetic drive mechanism was used, the overall flowrate decreased due to a loss in torque transmission. The magnetic drive CAP was able to operate up to 18.5 kRPM and produce a maximum flowrate of 1.35 L/min and a maximum pressure difference of 40 mm Hg. These results demonstrate that the CAP produces sufficient output for partial circulatory support of the pulmonary circulation, and that axial magnetic couplings can help to eliminate the sealing system needed to isolate the miniature motor and bearings from blood contact.
Preliminary Design and Testing of a Cavo-Arterial Pump Utilizing Axial Magnetic Couplings
Manuscript received May 18, 2017; final manuscript received October 5, 2017; published online November 9, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Michael Eggen.
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Valdovinos, J., Chris Bouwmeester, J., and Bonde, P. (November 9, 2017). "Preliminary Design and Testing of a Cavo-Arterial Pump Utilizing Axial Magnetic Couplings." ASME. J. Med. Devices. March 2018; 12(1): 011001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038221
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