The osseointegration assessment is an important requirement for clinical dentists and researchers [1]. Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) has been introduced to measure and monitor the evolution of implant stability [2]. Recently, RFA method has been developed on both experimental devices and numerical analysis. Zhuang and coworkers [3,4] proposed a noncontact vibro-acoustic method for the detection of the defect orientation surrounding a bone–implant interface; besides, a finite-element analysis (FEA) was applied to compare with bone block experiments for singling out defect orientation. Moreover, using computerized tomography (CT) images of young adult mandibular, Hsieh et al. [5] investigated the change in resonance frequencies (RFs) when the dental-implanted bone structure appears closed defects, vertical and horizontal bone defects on 3D FEA. Furthermore, the first structure mode characterizes the osseointegration of varied bone blocks, which was verified by our...

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