Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a patient's spine is curved from side to side at the frontal view. Scoliosis is characterized by an axial rotation of the vertebrae and is typically classified as either congenital or idiopathic. The cause of idiopathic scoliosis is still unknown, and it may occur at the infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adult age depending on when the symptom presents. Early onset scoliosis (EOS) not only affects a child's growth alignment but it also potentially impairs the pulmonary function by decreasing the space (thoracic volume) available for lungs to expand. Therefore, the purposes of treatments, such as a growing rod, are to prevent further deterioration and to correct the spinal deformity which affords the growing child a pathway for normal growth and development. EOS is a complex, three-dimensional disease that is treated via a wide range of options from conservative...

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