The idea of robots being used in surgery has been around for many years. Some systems like Intuitive Surgical's da Vinci® have shown the world what great benefits can come from robotic surgery. For example, robotic surgery can result in shorter lengths of stay and lower odds of death compared to open surgery [1]. As the idea has progressed, the desire for teleoperation, or operating from a distance away from the patient, has become apparent. Imagine an operating room that extends beyond the physical walls of the hospital. Teleoperation has the potential for a multitude of applications [2]. Some applications include giving surgical care to astronauts, soldiers, and people in hazardous environments. Collaborative surgery is working toward this capability while also allowing multiple surgeons to work together to make a surgery as successful as possible. There are several components to collaborative robotic surgery including: visuals,...

You do not currently have access to this content.