Emergency medicine is characterized by unpredictable workloads with intermittent time-critical activities, medically complex cases, often with high uncertainty, and the concurrent management of multiple patients. This characterization of the emergency environment highlights the importance of team composition, team dynamics, and workflow. Despite the importance of team interactions in healthcare, teams often do not perform at their maximum potential due to inadequate “awareness of team goals, conflicts between team members, mismatched individual goals, and breakdowns in process and coordination between team members” [1]. Previous research on the conditions of healthcare supports the notion that teams, in fact, are performing below their potential [2]. Therefore, meaningful interaction among team members in a complex environment, such as the emergency department (ED), is paramount to the favorable patient outcomes. Exploring mechanisms or technologies for examining team interactions and workflow in the ED can provide researchers with an in-depth level of...

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