Parallel manipulators (PMs) with redundant actuation are attracting increasing research interest because they have demonstrated improved stiffness and fewer singularities. This paper proposes a new redundantly actuated parallel manipulator that has three degrees-of-freedom (DOFs) and four limbs. The proposed manipulator is a 2UPR-2PRU parallel manipulator (where P represents an actuated prismatic joint, R represents a revolute joint, and U represents a universal joint) that is actuated using four prismatic joints; two of these joints are mounted on the base to reduce the movable mass. Mobility analysis shows that the moving platform has two rotational DOFs and one translational DOF. First, the inverse displacement solution, velocity, and singularity analyses are discussed. Next, the local transmission index (LTI) and the good transmission workspace are used to evaluate the motion/force transmissibility of the 2UPR-2PRU parallel manipulator. Finally, the parameter-finiteness normalization method (PFNM) is used to produce an optimal design that considers the good transmission workspace. It is thus shown that the motion/force transmission of the proposed manipulator is improved by optimizing the link parameters.

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