This paper considers single degree-of-freedom (DOF), closed-loop linkages with a designated input angle and one design parameter. For a fixed value of the design parameter, a linkage has input singularities, that is, turning points with respect to the input angle, which break the motion curve into branches. Motion of the linkage along each branch can be driven monotonically from the input. As the design parameter changes, the number of branches and their connections, in short the topology of the motion curve, may change at certain critical points. Allowing the design parameter to vary, the singularities form a curve called the critical curve, whose projection is the singularity trace. Many critical points are the singularities of the critical curve with respect to the design parameter. The critical points have succinct geometric interpretations as transition linkages. This paper presents a general method to compute the singularity trace and its critical points. As an example, the method is used on a Stephenson III linkage, and a range of the design parameter is found where the input angle is able to rotate more than one revolution between singularities. This characteristic is associated with critical points that appear as cusps on the singularity trace.
Computing the Branches, Singularity Trace, and Critical Points of Single Degree-of-Freedom, Closed-Loop Linkages
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANISMS AND ROBOTICS. Manuscript received February 7, 2013; final manuscript received September 6, 2013; published online December 27, 2013. Assoc. Editor: J. M. Selig.
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Myszka, D. H., Murray, A. P., and Wampler, C. W. (December 27, 2013). "Computing the Branches, Singularity Trace, and Critical Points of Single Degree-of-Freedom, Closed-Loop Linkages." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. February 2014; 6(1): 011006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025752
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