This work addresses the problem for determining the position and orientation of objects suspended with n cables from n aerial robots. This is actually the direct kinematics problem of the 3D cable system. First, the problem is formulated based on the static equilibrium condition. Then, an analytic algorithm based on resultant elimination is proposed to determine all possible equilibrium configurations of the planar 4-bar linkage. As the nonlinear system can be reduced to a polynomial equation in one unknown with a degree 8, this algorithm is more efficient than numerical search algorithms. Considering that the motion of a 3D cable system in its vertical planes of symmetry can be regarded as the motion of an equivalent planar 4-bar linkage, the proposed algorithm is used to solve the direct kinematics problem of objects suspended from multiple aerial robots. Case studies with three to six robots are conducted for demonstration. Then, approaches for stability analysis based on Hessian matrix are developed, and the stability of obtained equilibrium configurations is analyzed. Finally, experiments are conducted for validation.

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