## Abstract

This paper presents a novel geometric modeling method for direct displacement analysis of 6-4 Stewart platforms based on conformal geometric algebra (CGA). First, a geometric constraint relationship of four lines and a plane intersecting at a point is published. Second, a new coordinate-invariant geometric constraint equation of 6-4 Stewart platforms is deduced by CGA operation. Third, five polynomial equations are established by CGA theory. Fourth, based on the above six equations, a 5 × 5 Sylvester’s matrix is formulated by using Sylvester’s Dialytic elimination method and Gröbner bases method under the graded reverse lexicographical order. Finally, the coordinates of four points on the moving platform are revealed. Besides, a numerical example is used to prove the validity of the proposed method. The novelty of this study is that a whole geometric modeling method by geometric constraint relationship of four lines and a plane intersecting at a point is put forward under the CGA framework, which has good intuition and offers a novel idea for solving the other complex mechanisms. At the same time, Sylvester’s matrix constructed by this method is the smallest one in the known literature for forward displacement analysis of 6-4 Stewart platforms.

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