Insects are one of the most diverse group of animals on the planet and are almost ubiquitous. Their walking locomotion has inspired engineers and provided effective solutions for designing transport methods for legged robots. In this paper, we introduce a hexapod walking robot that mimics the design and walking motions of insects. The robot is characterized by small size, light weight, simple structure, and considerably fast walking speed. Three pairs of its legs are driven by three five-degrees-of-freedom (5DOF) soft actuators based on dielectric elastomer (DE) actuators which can provide up to five movements (including three translations and two rotations) within a compact structure. The robot imitates the crawling motion of an insect using the alternating tripod gait. The experiments show that the robot can achieve an average walking speed of 5.2 cm/s (approximately 21 body-lengths per minute) at 7 Hz of actuation frequency on flat rigid surfaces. Furthermore, the robot also demonstrates the omnidirectional capabilities of walking sideways and rotating its body direction, which enhance the potential of applying the proposed robot in practical uses.
Development of an Insect-Inspired Hexapod Robot Actuated by Soft Actuators
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANISMS AND ROBOTICS. Manuscript received December 14, 2017; final manuscript received August 12, 2018; published online October 10, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Robert J. Wood.
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Nguyen, C. T., Phung, H., Hoang, P. T., Nguyen, T. D., Jung, H., and Choi, H. R. (October 10, 2018). "Development of an Insect-Inspired Hexapod Robot Actuated by Soft Actuators." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. December 2018; 10(6): 061016. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041258
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