This paper for the first time reveals a set of special plane-symmetric Bricard linkages with various branches of reconfiguration by means of intersection of two generating toroids, and presents a complete theory of the branch reconfiguration of the Bricard plane-symmetric linkages. An analysis of the intersection of these two toroids reveals the presence of coincident conical singularities, which lead to design of the plane-symmetric linkages that evolve to spherical 4R linkages. By examining the tangents to the curves of intersection at the conical singularities, it is found that the linkage can be reconfigured between the two possible branches of spherical 4R motion without disassembling it and without requiring the usual special configuration connecting the branches. The study of tangent intersections between concentric singular toroids also reveals the presence of isolated points in the intersection, which suggests that some linkages satisfying the Bricard plane-symmetry conditions are actually structures with zero finite degrees-of-freedom (DOF) but with higher instantaneous mobility. This paper is the second part of a paper published in parallel by the authors in which the method is applied to the line-symmetric case.
Branch Reconfiguration of Bricard Linkages Based on Toroids Intersections: Plane-Symmetric Case
Manuscript received August 16, 2017; final manuscript received December 21, 2017; published online March 1, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Raffaele Di Gregorio.
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López-Custodio, P. C., Dai, J. S., and Rico, J. M. (March 1, 2018). "Branch Reconfiguration of Bricard Linkages Based on Toroids Intersections: Plane-Symmetric Case." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. June 2018; 10(3): 031002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039002
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